An Act to make better provisions in the law relating to copyright and for other matters connected therewith.

The Copyright (Amendment) Act 1997, which amended the Copyright Act 1987, came into force on the 1st of April 1999, to make unauthorised transmission of copyright works over the Internet an infringement of copyright. It is also an infringement of copyright to circumvent any effective technological measures aimed at restricting access to copyright works. These provisions are aimed at ensuring adequate protection of intellectual property rights for companies involved in content creation in the ICT and multimedia environment.


Copyright Act 1987 [Act 332] (online version as at 1 July 2012)

An Act to provide for offences relating to the misuse of computers.

The Computer Crimes Act 1997, effective as of the 1st of June 2000, created several offences relating to the misuse of computers. Among others, it deals with unauthorised access to computer material, unauthorised access with intent to commit other offences and unauthorised modification of computer contents. It also makes provisions to facilitate investigations for the enforcement of the Act.


Computer Crimes Act 1997 [Act 563] (online version as at 1 December 2011)

An Act to make provision for, and to regulate the use of, digital signatures and to provide for matters connected therewith.

The Digital Signature Act 1997, enforced on the 1st of October 1998, is an enabling law that allows for the development of, amongst others, e-commerce by providing an avenue for secure on-line transactions through the use of digital signatures. The Act provides a framework for the licensing and regulation of Certification Authorities, and gives legal recognition to digital signatures. The Controller of Certification Authority, who has the authority to license and regulate Certification Authorities, was appointed on the 1st of October 1998.


Digital Signature Act 1997 [Act 562]

An Act to provide for the regulation and control of the practice of telemedicine; and for matters connected therewith.

The Telemedicine Act 1997 is intended to provide a framework to enable licensed medical practitioners to practice medicine using audio, visual and data communications. To date, the Telemedicine Act has yet to be enforced.


Telemedicine Act 1997 [Act 564] (Not yet in force)

An Act to provide for and to regulate the converging communications and multimedia industries, and for incidental matters.

The Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 which came into effect on the 1st of April 1999, provides a regulatory framework to cater for the convergence of the telecommunications, broadcasting and computing industries, with the objective of, among others, making Malaysia a major global centre and hub for communications and multimedia information and content services. The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission was appointed on the 1st November 1998 as the sole regulator of the new regulatory regime.


Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 [Act 588]

An Act to provide for legal recognition of electronic messages in commercial transactions, the use of the electronic messages to fulfill legal requirements and to enable and facilitate commercial transactions through the use of electronic means and other matters connected therewith.


Electronic Commerce Act 2006 [Act 658]

An Act to provide for legal recognition of electronic messages in dealings between the Government and the public, the use of electronic messages to fulfill legal requirements and to enable and facilitate the dealings through the use of electronic means and other matters connected therewith.


Electronic Government Activities Act 2007 [Act 680] (online version as at April 2013)

An Act to regulate the processing of personal data in commercial transactions and to provide for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.


Personal Data Protection Act 2010 [Act 709] (online version as at 15 June 2016)

An Act to deal with fake news and related matters.


Anti-Fake News Act 2018 [Act 803]

Source:

  1. Laws of Malaysia, http://www.agc.gov.my/agcportal
  2. Cyber Related Policies and Laws in Malaysia, https://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/cybersecurity-capacity

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